Carbohydrate is composed of chains of Hydrogen, Oxygen and Carbon. This is the most efficient component of nutrition when it comes to providing quick energy to the body.
Carbohydrate gets converted to Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) to provide cellular energy. Everty gram of carbohydrate provides you 4 Calories of energy.
Simple Carbohydrates and Complex Carbohydrates are the two types of Carbs. Simple Carbs consist of things like sugars, fruit and honey. Simple Carbs provide an instant burst of energy and is usually followed by a crash. Simple carbs are better for post work out situations.
Complex carbs consist of whole grain bread, pasta and vegetables.. Complex carbs contain more than carbs. They contain fibers as well as minerals and vitamins. Some guidelines say that you should get between 45 – 65% of your caloric requirements from Carbohydrates but should make sugar that simple Carbs are less than 25%. Simple Carbs would include sugary drinks.
Another measure that I am personally experimenting with is to have twice as much Carb as Protein as part of my diet plan. I will post later on how this works for me.
If you do not consume Carbs, you are depriving your muscles from energy to perform work. Initially, the energy will come from Fats but later on the muscles themselves will be cannibalized and you may lose hard gained muscle volume.
The next component is Protein